Nature « Java United Services
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Nature

Spiced by 400 volcanoes, 128 of which are still active with 75 erupting in historic times with disastrous effects, Indonesian land enjoys frequent soil rejuvenation, allowing it to maintain its fertility and sustain a multitude of vegetations and plants.

Equatorial waters of two great oceans, the Pacific and the Atlantic, surround the Indonesian archipelago. Its temperature and salinity allow the nurturing of corals to blossom into gardens, which in turn function as homes for whole communities of marine lfe, nourishment and nurseries for thousand of fish, shellfish, sponges and marine plants, while protecting shorelines. This richness makes the Indonesian waters one of the best sites for snorkeling, scuba diving, deep diving, and reef exploration.

  • Gunung Leuser
    Located in Sumatera, this sprawling 830,500 hectares nature reserve is reachable from Medan, North Sumatera. It has an Orangutan Rehabilitation Station. A boat trip through the Alas River may evoke your memory of the Congo River, because you might catch a glimpse of rhinos, orang utans, tigers, elephants, gibbons, leaf monkeys, jungle cats, forest deer, otters, hornbills, and argus pheasants.
  • The Riau Archipelago
    Spread off the Eastern shore of Sumatera all the way to the North of Kalimantan, you can find many wrecks, albeit of World War II vintage, but nevertheless still mysterious. The waters are shallow, the beaches are excellent, and the coral near Bintan is memorable. Island hopping is relatively inexpensive and easy.
  • Ujung Kulon and Krakatau
    This nature reserve is located on the western tip of Java, reachable by boat from Sumatera, or by road from Jakarta or Bogor. It is the last refuge of around 50 remaining Java rhinos, and it is also home for gibbons, macaques, leaf monkeys, deer, pigs, bantengs (Java wild ox), and around 200 species of bird. It has idyllc beaches and excellent coral reefs. Good snorkeling and diving can be found around Pulau Peucang and Panaitan. Oh, and take a day trip to see the magnificent Krakatau.
  • Pulau Seribu (The Thousand Islands) 
    Off the northern coast of Jakarta, this group of islands actually only has 110 islands, reachable by boat or chartered aircraft. Bird and marine sanctuaries can be found in the Northern part. Pulau Putri, Pulau Pelangi, and Melintang have developed into an upscale resort, with restaurants, accomodations, and dive shops. Melinjo, Papa Theo and Sepa are good for divers and budget tourists.
  • Bali
    Need I say more?
  • Tanjung Puting 
    The trip to Tanjung Puting itself will be quite memorable, because you will have to fly from Banjarmain, South Kalimantan to Pangkalan Bun, Central Kalimantan, take the road to Kumai, and finally travelby boat on the Kumai and Sekunir Rivers. A trip through the swamp will reveal the secret beauty of Borneo live, with birds, waterfowl, Bornean proboscis monkeys, and orang utans sharing your vicinity. Reservation required, bring canned food.
  • Lore Kalamata 
    Reachable from Palu, Central Sulawesi to Kulawi or Gimpu, by foot with guides. You will find fine lowland and moutain forests, streams, wildlife anoa (swarf buffalo), babi rusa, black macaques. There are also interesting megaliths in the valleys.
  • North Sulawesi (Bunaken)
    North Sulawesi is blessed with good beaches and coral reefs, especially the ones surrounding Bunaken. Bunaken is considered one of the most spectacular diving sites in the world. It has the densest marine population in Indonesia, and an extremely large variety of marine life. Bunaken has dramatic drop offs and grottos, fissures and arches, with 30 m visibility. The reefs are reachable in about half an hour by motorboat from Malalayang Beach, south of Menado. To support divers, Menado also has a decompression chamber facility.
  • Maluku and Banda Neira 
    Thousand islands with excellent beaches and reefs and seascapes for superb snorkeling and diving. Banda Neira, the original nutmeg island, is one of these islands. It is surrounded by crystal clear water with coral gardens filled with tropical fish.

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